Francesco CLEMENTI

Pubblicazioni

Francesco CLEMENTI

 

133 pubblicazioni classificate nel seguente modo:

Nr. doc. Classificazioni
64 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
62 1 Contributo su Rivista
5 2 Contributo in Volume
1 3 Libro
1 8 Tesi di dottorato
Anno
Risorse
2021
FE vs. DE modeling for the nonlinear dynamics of a historic church in central Italy
GEOSCIENCES
Autore/i: Ferrante, A.; Giordano, E.; Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Formisano, A.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The present research paper properly focuses on the dynamics and failure mechanisms of the masonry “Apennine Church” of Santissimo Crocifisso in Pretare, municipality of Arquata del Tronto in the province of Ascoli Piceno (Marche region, Central Italy). Such a peculiar structural type traditionally characterizes the intense seismic area of Central Italy, unfortunately almost totally damaged by the recent shock sequence of 2016. Advanced numerical modeling through discontinuous and continuous approaches were here utilized to have an insight into the dynamic properties and behavior of the structure under strong nonlinear dynamic excitations. In the discrete element approach, the non-smooth contact dynamics method, implemented in LMGC90©, was applied, adopting a full 3D detailed discretization. The church was schematized as an arrangement of rigid blocks, subjected to sliding by friction and perfect plastic collisions, with a null restitution coefficient. In the finite element approach, the concrete damaged plasticity model available in Midas FEA NX© was involved. This model allows reproducing the tensile cracking, the compressive crushing, and the degradation of the material under cyclic loads. Finally, the numerical analyses provided a valuable picture of the actual behavior of the church, thus giving useful hints for future strengthening interventions.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/290380 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Influence of local site effects on the typological fragility curves for class-oriented masonry buildings in aggregate condition
THE OPEN CIVIL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
Autore/i: Formisano, A.; Chieffo, N.; Clementi, F.; Mosoarca, M.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Background: The Municipality of Baranello, located in the province of Campobasso, is considered as a reference case study for implementing a systematic procedure for the assessment of local site effects. The territory is characterised by a heterogeneous soil, made of a basal interval formed in large part by outcrops found along with the middle-basal bands of the local slopes, which is particularly sensitive to geo-hazard effects. Aims: The present work aims to investigate the influence of local site effects on the seismic vulnerability of an oriented-class of masonry building compounds. The historical buildings surveyed are mainly made up of rough stone masonry, particularly vulnerable to seismic phenomena. The buildings are appropriately grouped in typological classes based on the CARTIS form and then subdivided into different categories according to the EMS-98 scale based on their geometrical and structural characteristics. Methods: The performed vulnerability analysis is based on a vulnerability-index method conceived for buildings grouped in aggregate condition. Moreover, the expected damage scenario is properly evaluated based on a specific attenuation law to take into consideration the effect produced by a reference scenario event. Furthermore, the local site conditions have been evaluated based on a 1D half space approach in order to predict the possible increment of the expected damage due to the soil stratigraphy. Results: The local site conditions provide a global increment of the expected vulnerability of 33% with respect to the case in which the geo-hazard effects are neglected. In this activity framework, typological fragility curves are derived for comparing the exceeding probability thresholds for the examined building classes. Conclusion: The proposed research represents an important starting point for large-scale vulnerability assessment since it provides a simplified and comprehensive method for predicting seismic damage scenarios of historic center considering local site effects.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/290709 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Model Updating of Historical Belfries Based on Oma Identification Techniques
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
Autore/i: Standoli, G.; Giordano, E.; Milani, G.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Central Italy Earthquakes occurred in 2016 pointed out once more the vulnerability of Cultural Heritage (CH), especially for what concerns bell-towers since they tend to get dramatically damaged due to their considerable slenderness and deterioration, endangering their surroundings and making their preservation fundamental. This work presents the results of the study carried out on four different isolated masonry bell towers, located in Ferrara province (Italy); the parameters of the materials were deduced by calibrating Finite Element Models (FEMs) using the data collected during an investigation campaign conducted with a wired accelerometric sensor system, since it was not possible to apply destructive methodologies. Dynamic data were extracted through the application of two Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) identification techniques: the Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition (EFDD) and the Stochastic Subspace Identification (SSI) methodology. Particular attention was devoted to the use of MAC matrix in the validation of the mode shapes results.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/274078 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Natural Frequencies And Internal Resonance Of Beams With Arbitrarily Distributed Axial Loads
JOURNAL OF APPLIED AND COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: An exact analytical solution for transversal free vibrations of a beam subjected to an arbitrary distributed axial load and a tip tension is obtained by means of a power series representation, whose coefficients are determined recursively in an easy way. The dependence on the natural frequencies on the load is then investigated, and the buckling load (corresponding to vanishing frequency) is also discussed. Next, the 1:3 internal resonance between the first and the second mode is deeply studied, and an interesting (and unexpected) property is found for linearly distributed axial loads
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/291395 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
DEM analysis of the effect of bond pattern on the load bearing capacity of barrel vaults under vertical loads
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASONRY RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
Autore/i: Chen, S.; Ferrante, A.; Clementi, F.; Bagi, K.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Bond patterns influence responses of masonry barrel vaults to mechanical loads. In this research, the discrete element method (DEM) was applied to investigate how bond patterns affect the static load bearing capacity of barrel vaults under vertical loads. The two most widely-used bond patterns (transverse and longitudinal) were studied. Using a commercial DEM software, 3DEC, vaults with different angles of embrace were prepared according to both patterns, and then loaded in three alternative ways until failure. The failure loads were recorded, and compared for the two alternative patterns of each overall geometry. Two competing effects were found: 1) in transversal vaults the arches work nearly independently of each other which decreases the load resistance in comparison to longitudinal vaults; 2) larger size of the voussoirs along the arch direction increases the load bearing.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/291452 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Advanced Seismic Assessment of Four Masonry Bell Towers in Italy after Operation Modal Analysis (OMA) Identification
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
Autore/i: Milani, G.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The paper presents an advanced seismic assessment of four masonry bell towers located in Northern Italy based on detailed 3D FE models on which elastic parameters were previously identified by operational modal analysis. The numerical assessment includes a preliminary identification of the elastic moduli of the different volumes of each tower made by means of a fast-micro-GA approach. After proper identification of the main four eigenfrequencies, non-linear static (pushover) and full non-linear dynamic analyses are performed adopting a material model for masonry which is characterized by softening and two distinct damage parameters in both tension and compression. The results obtained with non-linear static and non-linear dynamic analyses in all the simulations performed exhibit a satisfactory match, suggesting similar conclusions in terms of general dynamic response and seismic vulnerability of the towers.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/272648 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Failure Analysis of Apennine Masonry Churches Severely Damaged during the 2016 Central Italy Seismic Sequence
BUILDINGS
Autore/i: Clementi, Francesco
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: This paper presents a detailed study of the damages and collapses suffered by various masonry churches in the aftermath of the seismic sequence of Central Italy in 2016. The damages will first be analyzed and then compared with the numerical data obtained through 3D simulations with eigenfrequency and then nonlinear static analyses (i.e., pushover). The main purposes of this study are: (i) to create an adequately consistent sensitivity study on several definite case studies to obtain an insight into the role played by geometry—which is always unique when referred to churches—and by irregularities; (ii) validate or address the applicability limits of the more widespread nonlinear approach, widely recommended by the Italian Technical Regulations. Pushover analyses are conducted assuming that the masonry behaves as a nonlinear material with different tensile and compressive strengths. The consistent number of case studies investigated will show how conventional static approaches can identify, albeit in a qualitative way, the most critical macro-elements that usually trigger both global and local collapses, underlining once again how the phenomena are affected by the geometry of stones and bricks, the texture of the wall face, and irregularities in the plan and elevation and in addition to hypotheses made on the continuity between orthogonal walls.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287749 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Mechanical characterization of “Scaglia Rossa” stone masonry through experimental and numerical analyses
CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS
Autore/i: Salachoris, Georgios Panagiotis; Magagnini, E.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: This paper outlines the complete characterization of masonry walls composed of “Scaglia Rossa”, a typical stone of the Apennine area between the Umbria and Marche Regions in Central Italy. The study focuses the assessment of the mechanical behavior by means of an experimental campaign carried out in the laboratory of the Polytechnic University of Marche, where the samples of “Scaglia Rossa” masonry, obtained from the controlled demolition of three school buildings, were reconstructed with the same techniques of the 1950s-‘60s, and then tested in order to identify both the constituent materials, stone and mortar, and the composite masonry. The experimental tests were prior to a numerical analysis implemented by the adoption of a nonlinear model capturing the cracking behavior. The main mechanical parameters were then calibrated by means of an optimization algorithm of Levenberg-Marquardt, considering a continuous approach with both (i) macro- and (ii) micro-modelling techniques and obtaining resistance parameters not deriving directly from the experimental tests. The comparison between the results obtained from the Levenberg - Marquardt algorithm by changing the parameters of the damage model based on data given by the experimental campaign allowed to confirm the validity of the approach used.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/291690 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Structural Health Monitoring of Architectural Heritage: From the past to the Future Advances
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
Autore/i: Clementi, Francesco; Formisano, Antonio; Milani, Gabriele; Ubertini, Filippo
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287607 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
An experimental and numerical study on the in-plane axial and shear behavior of sprayed in-situ concrete sandwich panels
ENGINEERING STRUCTURES
Autore/i: Serpilli, Michele; Clementi, Francesco; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The pa­per deals with the ex­per­i­men­tal and nu­mer­i­cal char­ac­ter­i­za­tion of the in-plane ax­ial and shear me­chan­i­cal be­hav­ior of sprayed in-situ re­in­forced con­crete (RC) sand­wich pan­els, used as struc­tural walls. Ax­ial com­pres­sion tests were car­ried out on spec­i­mens with dif­fer­ent slen­der­ness ra­tios to study their be­hav­ior un­der ax­ial ver­ti­cal loads. While the di­ag­o­nal com­pres­sion test and shear load with con­stant com­pres­sion test were re­spec­tively per­formed on squared pan­els, an­a­lyz­ing their re­sponse to in-plane hor­i­zon­tal lat­eral forces. Ul­ti­mate ax­ial and shear loads have been ex­per­i­men­tally de­ter­mined and the most sig­nif­i­cant load–dis­place­ment di­a­grams have been re­ported. The ob­tained re­sults have been com­pared with other ex­per­i­men­tal cam­paigns on RC sand­wich pan­els and with con­ven­tional RC walls equa­tions, avail­able in codes of prac­tice and lit­er­a­ture. The struc­tural po­ten­tial­i­ties of RC sand­wich pan­els as load-bear­ing and shear walls are high­lighted. The ex­per­i­men­tal in­ves­ti­ga­tion is cor­rob­o­rated by a 3D non­lin­ear fi­nite el­e­ment (FE) nu­mer­i­cal analy­sis, con­sid­er­ing the in­flu­ence of the in­su­la­tion layer, the ef­fi­ciency of steel con­nec­tors, and the in­volved ma­te­r­ial non­lin­ear­i­ties.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287329 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
POINT CLOUD EXPLOITATION FOR STRUCTURAL MODELING AND ANALYSIS: A RELIABLE WORKFLOW
INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF THE PHOTOGRAMMETRY, REMOTE SENSING AND SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCES
Autore/i: Lucidi, A.; Giordano, E.; Clementi, F.; Quattrini, R.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The digitization and geometric knowledge of the historical built heritage is currently based on point cloud, that rarely or only partially is used as digital twin for structural analysis. The present work deals with historical artefacts survey, with particular reference to masonry structures, aimed to their structural analysis and assessment. In detail, the study proposes a methodology capable of employing semi-directly the original data obtained from the 3D digital survey for the generation of a Finite Element Model (FEM), used for structural analysis of masonry buildings. The methodology described presents a reliable workflow with twofold purpose: the improvement of the transformation process of the point cloud in solid and subsequently obtain a high-quality and detailed model for structural analyses. Through the application of the methodology to a case study, the method consistency was assessed, regarding the smoothness of the whole procedure and the dynamic characterization of the Finite Element Model. The main improvement in respect with similar or our previous workflows is obtained by the introduction of the retopology in data processing, allowing the transformation of the raw data into a solid model with optimal balancing between Level of Detail (LOD) and computational weight. Another significant aspect of the optimized process is undoubtedly the possibility of faithfully respecting the semantics of the structure, leading to the discretization of the model into different parts depending on the materials. This work may represent an excellent reference for the study of masonry artefacts belonging to the existing historical heritage, starting from surveys and with the purpose to structural and seismic evaluations, in the general framework of knowledge-based preservation of heritage.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/292305 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Discontinuous approaches for nonlinear dynamic analyses of an ancient masonry tower
ENGINEERING STRUCTURES
Autore/i: Ferrante, A.; Loverdos, D.; Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Formisano, A.; Lenci, S.; Sarhosis, V.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present the development of discontinuous approaches to simulate the nonlinear dynamic behaviour of the civic clock tower of Rotella, in the province of Ascoli Piceno (Italy). The study involves the use of the Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics method implemented in the LMGC90© code, where sliding motions are governed by Signorini's impenetrability condition and dry-friction Coulomb's law, and the Discrete Element Method with cohesive and tensional behaviours at the joints in the 3DEC© code. The tower was represented using three different geometric models ranged from the most complex one, including the full geometry and multi-leaf masonry walls, to the simplest one, including the single-leaf walls as a simplification of the real masonry. The numerical results highlighted the modes of failure depending on the shape, size and texture of the masonry and the modalities of progressive damage under dynamic actions. Moreover, both numerical approaches have proven to be capable of simulating large displacements and complete block separations, reproducing complex mechanical behaviours and making predictions on the vulnerability assessment of the historical masonry buildings.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/286753 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Influence of Stereotomy on Discrete Approaches Applied to an Ancient Church in Muccia, Italy
JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS
Autore/i: Ferrante, A.; Schiavoni, M.; Bianconi, F.; Milani, G.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: This work evaluated the remarkable influence of stereotomy on discrete methods adopted for the dynamic response of an ancient masonry structure. The historic building used as a case study is the Church of Santa Maria of Varano in Muccia, in the province of Macerata, Italy, which was exposed to the severe seismic sequence that hit Central Italy in 2016, namely the major events of Accumoli, Visso, and Norcia. The structure was modeled using the actual stereotomy of blocks and three hypothetical arrangements of blocks of the masonry walls to investigate the existing crack pattern and vulnerabilities of the church. Sensitivity analyses were performed using the nonsmooth contact dynamics and discrete-element methods. These novel approaches suitably reproduced complex behaviors, considering large displacements and complete block separations, which is useful for upcoming retrofitting works.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/292100 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Unreinforced and TRM-Reinforced Masonry Building Subjected to Pseudodynamic Excitations: Numerical and Experimental Insights
JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS
Autore/i: Giordano, Ersilia; Bertolesi, Elisa; Clementi, Francesco; Buitrago, Manuel; Adam, José M.; Ivorra, Salvador
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: This paper contains a numerical study based on tests carried out at the Universitat Politècnica de València (Spain) on a U-shaped unreinforced and Textile Reinforced Mortar (TRM)-reinforced masonry structure subjected to horizontal loads. The masonry was composed of clay bricks with 10 mm thick mortar joints arranged in an English bond pattern. The prototype was tested by applying pseudodynamic displacement-driven cycles and varying cyclic amplitudes and frequencies in two different stages: (1) on the as-built structure and (2) after the application of the TRM material. A series of nonlinear numerical simulations were performed adopting the ABAQUS/Explicit version 6.14 finite-element (FE) software. The FE calibration was carried out using the results obtained during ambient vibration tests. Simulations were then used to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed TRM strengthening technique in improving the behaviour of low-rise old masonry building subjected to horizontal loads.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/292270 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Modal-based FE model updating via genetic algorithms: Exploiting artificial intelligence to build realistic numerical models of historical structures
CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS
Autore/i: Standoli, Gianluca; Salachoris, Georgios Panagiotis; Masciotta, Maria Giovanna; Clementi, Francesco
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Cultural Heritage preservation requires the combination of in situ investigations and accurate Finite Elements models in order to correctly interpret the empirical evidence and successfully apply advanced structural analyses for health assessment purposes, allowing to infer about the future evolution of the structural response and timely detect deviations from the expected behaviour. In this paper the actual dynamic behaviour of the Civic Tower of Ostra, Italy, is thoroughly investigated by means of a detailed numerical model built and calibrated using the experimental modal features estimated through field dynamic testing. To this end, a fully automated Finite Element Model Updating procedure based on genetic algorithms and machine learning is conceived and employed, allowing the successful estimation of the unknown material properties of the tower, considering both isotropic and orthotropic behavioural models for masonry. The results enabled to establish baseline information on the current structural condition of the heritage and to set performance standards that will serve to optimise the control of the structural integrity over time.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/291691 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Dynamic Identification and Monitoring of a New Highway Bridge
Civil Structural Health Monitoring. CSHM 2021
Autore/i: Marcheggiani, Laura; Clementi, Francesco; Formisano, Antonio
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/292049 Collegamento a IRIS

2021
Structural health monitoring and NDT of masonry structures: Research and practice
CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS
Autore/i: Adam, José M.; Betti, Michele; Clementi, Francesco; Ivorra, Salvador
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/293441 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
The modelling of multiple leaf masonry walls of the arquata del tronto fortress as a non-smooth dynamical system
Proceedings of the International Conference on Structural Dynamic , EURODYN
Autore/i: Ferrante, A.; Giordano, E.; Clementi, F.; Sarhosis, V.; Milani, G.; Lenci, S.
Editore: European Association for Structural Dynamics
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: In the present paper has been reported the Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics method (NSCD) used for the damage evaluation of the multiple leaf masonry walls of the medieval fortress of Arquata del Tronto, strongly affected by the last Centre Italy earthquakes of August and October 2016. Pursuing this approach, a system of rigid blocks has been used for the assembly of the masonry structure. By means of contacts between blocks, which are governed by the Signorini's impenetrability condition and by dry-friction Coulomb's law, the building exhibits discontinuous dynamics. Finally, the NSCD method has proved to be an effective instrument for investigating the dynamical behaviour of the masonry structures under the ground seismic accelerations. Indeed, several possible failure mechanisms have been confirmed through the numerical results, which have given a deep insight into the seismic vulnerability of this damaged medieval fortress.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287437 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Damage assessment of churches in the city of camerino after the 2016 central Italy seismic sequence
Proceedings of the International Conference on Structural Dynamic , EURODYN
Autore/i: Giordano, E.; Ferrante, A.; Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.
Editore: European Association for Structural Dynamics
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: In the present work, the importance of considering the exact nonlinear and three-dimensional behavior of masonry structures is shown, in order to highlight all the structural deficiencies of different churches damaged by the last Centre Italy earthquake in the city of Camerino. For this purpose, the exact geometries of the structures are reconstructed, while information regarding the mechanical properties of masonry material are derived from previous investigations and literature references. Based on this information, different numerical models are used to reconstruct the damages. Different three-dimensional FE models, endowed with an elastic plastic (softening) damage constitutive law, are adopted to determine the seismic vulnerability of the building by means of nonlinear static analyses using the smeared fracture energy approach. With this method it is possible to establish, with a right degree of approximation, the areas where the most important cracks are expected and, in general, the location of the potential damage caused by horizontal forces.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287433 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Modal parameters identification on environmental testd of ancient bell towers and validation of their numerical models
Proceedings of the International Conference on Structural Dynamic , EURODYN
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Standoli, G.; Giordano, E.; Ferrante, A.; Lenci, S.
Editore: European Association for Structural Dynamics
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: Masonry towers are quite widespread in Europe and represent an important portion of the built heritage that must be preserved, especially in high-seismicity regions. Very often, such masonry towers exhibit unique peculiar morphologic and typological characteristics, which might affect their different structural behaviors under horizontal loads. For this reason, accurate knowledge of their dynamical parameters is useful for seismic assessment and the design of risk mitigation interventions. In this work, the opportunities provided by dynamic identification techniques for the non-destructive evaluation of heritage structures are discussed with a focus on different bell towers, located in the Marche region (Italy). All of them were stricken by a long seismic sequence (Center Italy earthquakes between August and October 2016), and are investigated in detail in order to have an insight into their dynamic behavior. Furthermore, the experimental investigations and the operational modal analysis results are presented, and they are useful for defining the Finite Element (FE) model of the towers with a continuum approach. The monitoring system consists of several elements adequately connected. Many operative problems have conditioned the positioning of the instrumentation due to the limited accessibility of the structure, not only to the primary access but also to reach the top. However, it has been possible to identify with certain confidence the first three frequencies of the towers and their corresponding mode shapes. The results carried out after the updating procedure may be considered very good. The material data values estimated in this way will constitute an important reference for the evaluation of the state of the building.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287434 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Aftershock fragility assessment of Italian cast–IN–place RC industrial structures with precast vaults
JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Poiani, Marina; Gazzani, Valentina; Clementi, Francesco; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Through a fragility analysis carried out with different probabilistic methods, the vulnerability of an Italian cast-in-place RC industrial structure with precast reinforced hollow brick light-weight vaults is evaluated via nonlinear analyses. After a brief description of the vault construction system, a typical case study built in the 1960s is considered and the influence of FE numerical modelling through three different representations of the vault system is assessed. Fragility curves are calculated by Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA), with three damage limit threshold values corresponding to local limit conditions regarding bending or shear that first occur in a few elements, as determined through pushover analyses. A comparison of fragility curves in the two horizontal directions (X–Y) for the three models is reported. Concerning the model with the greatest probability of collapse, seismic sequence effects on structural damage with the same ground motions for mainshock and aftershock are taken into account. Double Incremental Dynamic Analysis (D-IDA), with the mainshock represented by several fixed percentages of Near Collapse PGAs previously evaluated in X–Y directions and scaled aftershocks, is performed and compared to the IDA results. Aftershock fragility curves created with only the damage limit threshold value of Near Collapse are likened to the case that analyses a single seismic event (undamaged structure). Furthermore, ductility damage indices are calculated for maximum displacements obtained by each nonlinear dynamic analysis of IDA and D-IDA.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/273195 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Advanced numerical analyses by the Non‐Smooth Contact Dynamics method of an ancient masonry bell tower
MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN THE APPLIED SCIENCES
Autore/i: Ferrante, A.; Clementi, F.; Milani, G.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Advanced numerical analyses were carried out in order to assess the nonlinear dynamical behaviour of the bell tower of Pomposa Abbey in Codigoro, in the province of Ferrara (Italy), by means of the Non‐Smooth Contact Dynamics (NSCD) method. The main purpose of the work is to investigate the capacity of the main mechanical parameter used in the analyses, namely, the friction coefficient, to have effects on the mechanical response of ancient masonry structures undergoing seismic actions. Therefore, the tower was modelled following the discrete element method (DEM) and assembling the masonry texture as rigid bodies tied by frictional joints. Thus a discontinuous approach was used to assess the dynamic properties and the vulnerability of the masonry structure, through large deformations regulated by the Signorini's law, concerning the impenetrability between the rigid bodies; and by the Coulomb's law, regarding the dry‐friction model. Afterward, different values were assigned to the friction coefficient of the models, and a variety of real seismic shocks have been applied in the nonlinear analyses. Finally, it is possible to see different failure mechanisms resulting for each friction value and types of dynamic actions used, as expected.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/273439 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Crumbling of Amatrice clock tower during 2016 Central Italy seismic sequence: Advanced numerical insights
FRATTURA E INTEGRITÀ STRUTTURALE
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Ferrante, A.; Valente, M.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The dynamic behaviour and the seismic vulnerability of the ancient civic tower of Amatrice, dramatically damaged by the last shocks sequence of 2016 that occurred in Central Italy, have been studied in this paper by means of advanced 3D numerical analyses with the Discrete Element Method (DEM). Thus, a discontinuous approach has been used to assess the dynamic properties and the vulnerability of the masonry structure, through large deformations regulated by the Signorini’s law, concerning the impenetrability between the rigid bodies, and by the Coulomb’s law, regarding the dry-friction model. Afterward, different values have been assigned to the friction coefficient of the models and real seismic shocks have been applied in the nonlinear analyses. The major purpose of this study is to highlight that relevant data on the real structural behaviour of historical masonry can be provided through advanced numerical analyses. The comparison between the results of the numerical simulation and the survey of the existing crack pattern of the bell tower permitted to validate the approach used. Finally, from the results and conclusions of this case study, it is possible to affirm that the used methodology can be applied to a wide variety of historical masonry structure in Europe.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/272571 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
The Non-smooth Dynamics of Multiple Leaf Masonry Walls of the Arquata Del Tronto Fortress
Proceedings of XXIV AIMETA Conference 2019
Autore/i: Clementi, Francesco; Ferrante, Angela; Lenci, Stefano
Editore: Springer
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The progressive damage of the multiple leaf masonry walls of the Arquata del Tronto medieval fortress, inside the epicentral zone of the last Centre Italy earthquakes of August and October 2016, has been investigated by means of the Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics method (NSCD). According to this model, the masonry structure has been modelled as a system of rigid blocks, and since the contacts between blocks are governed by the Signorini’s impenetrability condition and by dry-friction Coulomb’s law, the building exhibits discontinuous dynamics. The NSCD method has proved to be a powerful tool for investigating the dynamics induced by ground seismic accelerations. Indeed, the numerical results have given a deep insight into the seismic vulnerability of this damaged medieval fortress, confirming several possible failure mechanisms.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/275745 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Expeditious damage index for arched structures based on dynamic identification testing
CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS
Autore/i: Giordano, E.; Mendes, N.; Masciotta, M. G.; Clementi, F.; Sadeghi, N. H.; Silva, R. A.; Oliveira, D. V.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: This paper presents a new damage detection index for arched structures, which can easily and quickly provide an estimate of their integrity. The results from eight laboratory tests performed on both reinforced and unreinforced adobe arches are used to define the index. The arches are damaged up to collapse using pseudo-static test cycles carried out by applying progressive controlled displacements at third span. The test records allow to follow the stiffness degradation of each arch by plotting the relative force–displacement curves, as well as to track their frequencies variation during the damage evolution by means of dynamic identification tests performed at the end of each cycle. The new index considers the bending moment as the main cause of damage for the analysed arches; therefore, starting from the bending stiffness, a damage indicator was developed and experimentally validated, as function of the frequency reduction, respect to the undamaged scenario. Finally, the index is also validated for different types of arch collapse mechanisms through Finite Element Modelling.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/283436 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Damage assessment of ancient masonry churches stroked by the Central Italy earthquakes of 2016 by the non-smooth contact dynamics method
BULLETIN OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Ferrante, A.; Giordano, E.; Dubois, F.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The non-smooth contact dynamics method was selected to investigate the damage occurred to typical masonry churches (namely Apennine churches) belonging to Central Italy areas affected by the seismic activity started in 2016. The investigated buildings show discontinuous dynamics since the optioned method gave the chance to properly model the temples as multi rigid body systems using the Signorini’s impenetrability condition and the dry-friction Coulomb’s law, achieving a thoughtful response to ground seismic solicitations. The results provided by the assessment grant an overview of the most common damages and failure mechanisms, giving the guidelines to restoration projects that fully respond to structural needs.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/264833 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Effectiveness of textile reinforced mortar (TRM) materials in preventing seismic-induced damage in a U-shaped masonry structure submitted to pseudo-dynamic excitations
CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS
Autore/i: Bertolesi, E.; Buitrago, M.; Giordano, E.; Calderón, P. A.; Moragues, J. J.; Clementi, F.; Adam, J. M.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: This paper presents the experimental results obtained from tests on a 2/3 scale U-shaped masonry building constructed in one of the ICITECH laboratories at the Universitat Politècnica de València (Spain). The prototype measured 3.31 × 4.19 m2 by 2.15 m high and had a wall thickness of 230 mm. The masonry was composed of 230 × 110 × 50 mm3 solid clay bricks with approximately 10 mm-thick mortar joints arranged in English bond. The tests were aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of cement-based reinforcing materials (Textile Reinforced Mortar) applied to weak masonry substrates severely damaged by horizontal loads such as those induced by a seismic event. The tests were carried out in three phases: (i) testing of the as-built structure, (ii) application of one external layer of TRM to restore the masonry’s original load-bearing capacity and then (iii) testing the TRM-strengthened structure. Dynamic behaviour was monitored by both traditional and fibre optic sensors (FO), including 28 Linear Variable Displacement Transducers (LVDTs) and 3 long-gauge optical sensors. Strengthening effectiveness was evaluated by several parameters: hysteretic curves, strength degradation, computed cumulative energy dissipation and cracking mechanisms. TRM reinforcement was shown to significantly extend the load-bearing and displacement capacity of the masonry prototype, reducing seismic-induced damage applied by pseudo-dynamic excitation, although it had a limited effect on cumulative energy dissipation.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/275311 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
A Genetic Algorithm Procedure for the Automatic Updating of FEM Based on Ambient Vibration Tests
SENSORS
Autore/i: Bianconi, F.; Salachoris, G. P.; Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The dynamic identification of the modal parameters of a structure, in order to gain control of its functionality under operating conditions, is currently under discussion from a scientific and technical point of views. The experimental observations obtained through structural health monitoring (SHM) are a useful calibration reference of numerical models (NMs). In this paper, the procedures for the identification of modal parameters in historical bell towers using a stochastic subspace identification (SSI) algorithm are presented. Then, NMs are manually calibrated on the identification’s results. Finally, the applicability of a genetic algorithm for the automatic calibration of the elastic parameters is considered with the aim of searching for the properties of the autochthonous material, in order to reduce modelling error following the model assurance criterion (MAC). In this regard, several material values on the same model are examined to see how to approach the evolution and the distribution of these features, comparing the characterization proposed by the genetic algorithm with the results considered by the manual iterative procedure.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/282515 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Static and dynamic testing of highway bridges: a best practice example
JOURNAL OF CIVIL STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING
Autore/i: Marcheggiani, L.; Clementi, F.; Formisano, A.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The load bearing capacity of a viaduct and its structural behaviour under traffic or seismic excitation can be evaluated using well-established modelling methods aided by computing facilities of great capability. However, to ensure reliable results, numerical models used in designing should be calibrated with accurate information on material properties and structural components. The static and dynamic testing procedures applied to a multi-span bridge along a new highway link inaugurated in 2014 in northern Italy are examined as a best practice example. The structural responses and performances are compared with and evaluated in the light of static and dynamic load test results. In particular, Operational Modal Analysis and Experimental Modal Analysis are used and compared to match with the numerical model. The comparison showed that the dynamic load test can supplement the static load test for the structural evaluation of new viaducts; it may also be taken as an alternative for the monitoring of operational viaducts.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/272569 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Flexural wave propagation in infinite beams on a unilateral elastic foundation
NONLINEAR DYNAMICS
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The problem of flexural wave propagation on a beam resting on a unilateral elastic substrate is addressed. The Euler–Bernoulli beam theory, which is valid for slender beams and for large enough wave length, is used. The governing equations are recalled, and the boundary conditions corresponding to the “single wave” periodic solutions are determined. The ensuing system of three algebraic transcendental equations is solved, and the exact solution of the problem is provided, in spite of the nonlinearity due to the piecewise behavior of the soil. The wave velocity as function of the foundation stiffness is obtained and compared with the classical case of the bilateral foundation. The main wave propagation properties are discussed, and some of them are illustrated with graphs reporting wave shapes.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/265852 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
1:1 internal resonance in a two d.o.f. complete system: a comprehensive analysis and its possible exploitation for design
MECCANICA
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.; Rega, G.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The internal resonance of a two degree-of-freedom mechanical system with all typical (quadratic and cubic) geometric nonlinearities is studied, limiting to the case of free dynamics. The Multiple Time Scale method is used to provide an analytical, closed form, approximation of the backbone curves. The cornucopia of different possible behaviours that can been obtained by varying the nonlinear stiffnesses is discussed in depth, illustrating them with some examples and verifying with numerical simulations. Some partially unexpected or relevant behaviours are highlighted, and some hints on how to exploit the proposed results to design nonlinearly tailored systems are given.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/280902 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Longitudinal–transversal internal resonances in Timoshenko beams with an axial elastic boundary condition
NONLINEAR DYNAMICS
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Clementi, F.; Kloda, L.; Warminski, J.; Rega, G.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The internal resonances between the longitudinal and transversal oscillations of a forced Timoshenko beam with an axial end spring are studied in depth. In the linear regime, the loci of occurrence of 1 : ir, ir∈ N, internal resonances in the parameters space are identified. Then, by means of the multiple time scales method, the 1 : 2 case is investigated in the nonlinear regime, and the frequency response functions and backbone curves are obtained analytically, and investigated thoroughly. They are also compared with finite element numerical simulations, to prove their reliability. Attention is paid to the system response obtained by varying the stiffness of the end spring, and it is shown that the nonlinear behaviour instantaneously jumps from hardening to softening by crossing the exact internal resonance value, in contrast to the singular (i.e. tending to infinity) behaviour of the nonlinear correction coefficient previously observed (without properly taking the internal resonance into account).
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/283809 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Damage assessment of san francesco church in amandola hit by central Italy 2016-2017 seismic event
AIP Conference Proceedings
Autore/i: Giordano, E.; Ferrante, A.; Ribilotta, E.; Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.
Editore: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: Italy is a high seismic risk country. Since 1900 more than 30 earthquakes with magnitude greater than Mw=5.8 occurred, and the last one is the Central Italy seismic sequence. The first shock aroused in the 24th August (Mw=6.2) followed by another stronger quake in the 30th October (Mw=6.5). It heavily hit the regions of Marche, Umbria, and Abruzzo causing many deaths, injuries and extensive damages on the cultural heritage. This paper analyses the church of San Francesco in Amadola, located in the Marche region that has been considered condemned for the severe damages reported after these earthquakes. The church is globally analyzed by the application of nonlinear static analysis on a Finite Element Model where the nonlinearity of masonry is taking into account with a proper constitutive law. The study wants to prove how global analysis combined by the local analysis can reproduce the behavior of this structure during a quake, showing that it can repeat the real damages produced by earthquakes.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287432 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Advanced seismic analyses of "Apennine churches" stroked by the central Italy earthquakes of 2016 by the non-smooth contact dynamics method
AIP Conference Proceedings
Autore/i: Ferrante, A.; Ribilotta, E.; Giordano, E.; Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.
Editore: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The dynamic behaviour and the seismic vulnerability of different masonry "Apennine Churches". dramatically damaged by the last shocks sequence of 2016 that occurred in Central Italy, have been studied in this paper by means of advanced 3D numerical analyses with the Discrete Element Method (DEM). Thus, a discontinuous approach has been used to assess the dynamic properties and the vulnerability of the masonry structure, through large deformations regulated by the Signorini's law, concerning the impenetrability between the rigid bodies, and by the Coulomb's law, regarding the dry-friction model. The major purpose of this study is to highlight that relevant data on the real structural behaviour of historical masonry can be provided through advanced numerical analyses. The comparison between the results of the numerical simulation and the survey of the existing crack pattern of the churches permitted to validate the used approach. Finally, from the results and conclusions of these cases study, it is possible to affirm that the used methodology can be applied to a wide variety of historical masonry structure in Europe.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287431 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Tracking modal parameter evolution ofdifferent cultural heritage structures damaged by central Italy earthquake of 2016
AIP Conference Proceedings
Autore/i: Ribilotta, E.; Giordano, E.; Ferrante, A.; Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.
Editore: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The preliminary results of an ambient-vibration based investigation conducted on a large sample of historic masonry towers in the Marche region (Central Italy) are presented, with a focus on the belfry of Collegiata of Santa Maria in Visso (Italy). The assessment procedure includes full-scale ambient vibration testing, ambient modal identification, finite element modeling and dynamic-based identification of the uncertain structural parameters of the model. As the most doubtful parameters, the modulus of elasticity of the masonry is adjusted to achieve the experimental results with numerical model by simple operations.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287430 Collegamento a IRIS

2020
Seismic analysis and retrofitting of civil engineering structures
AIP Conference Proceedings
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Formisano, A.; Milani, G.; Mosoarca, M.
Editore: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/287429 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Cultural Heritage and earthquake: The case study of San Francesco’s church in Amandola (Central Italy)
2019 IMEKO TC4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, MetroArchaeo 2019
Autore/i: Giordano, E.; Ferrante, A.; Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Formisano, A.
Editore: IMEKO-International Measurement Federation Secretariat
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: Italy is a high seismic risk country. Since 1900 more than 30 earthquakes with magnitude greater than Mw=5.8 occurred, and the last one is the Central Italy seismic sequence. It heavily hit the regions of Marche, Umbria, and Abruzzo causing many deaths, injuries and extensive damages on the cultural heritage. This paper analyses the church of San Francesco in Amadola, located in the Marche region that has been considered condemned for the severe damages reported after these earthquakes. The church is globally analyzed by the application of nonlinear static analysis on a Finite Element Model where the nonlinearity of masonry is taking into account with a proper constitutive law. The study wants to prove how global analysis combined by the local analysis can reproduce the behavior of this structure during a quake, showing that it can repeat the real damages produced by earthquakes.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/275184 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
The Non-smooth tale of “Apennine Churches” stroked by the Central Italy Earthquakes of 2016
2019 IMEKO TC4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, MetroArchaeo 2019
Autore/i: Ferrante, A.; Giordano, E.; Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Formisano, A.
Editore: IMEKO-International Measurement Federation Secretariat
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The dynamic behavior and the seismic vulnerability of different masonry “Apennine Churches”, dramatically damaged by the last shocks sequence of 2016 that occurred in Central Italy, have been studied in this paper by means of advanced 3D numerical analyses with the Discrete Element Method (DEM). Thus, a discontinuous approach has been used to assess the dynamic properties and the vulnerability of the masonry structure, through large deformations regulated by the Signorini’s law, concerning the impenetrability between the rigid bodies, and by the Coulomb’s law, regarding the dry-friction model. The major purpose of this study is to highlight that relevant data on the real structural behavior of historical masonry can be provided through advanced numerical analyses. The comparison between the results of the numerical simulation and the survey of the existing crack pattern of the churches permitted to validate the used approach. Finally, from the results and conclusions of these cases study, it is possible to affirm that the used methodology can be applied to a wide variety of historical masonry structures in Europe.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/275183 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Damage survey and advanced seismic analyses of different masonry churches after the central Italy earthquake of 2016
COMPDYN 2019 Proceedings
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Giordano, E.; Ferrante, A.; Lenci, S.
Editore: National Technical University of Athens
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: This study presents a detailed failure analysis of different masonry churches, which were severely damaged during the 2016 Centre of Italy seismic sequence, using nonlinear (i.e., kinematic limit and pushover) analyses. The main aims of the numerical investigations are: (i) to carry out a sufficiently wide sensitivity study on different specific case studies to have an insight into the role played by the geometry - which is always unique for churches - and by the irregularities; (ii) to validate or address the limits of applicability of the most widespread conventional static approaches recommended by Italian Code.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/274950 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Sustainable Engineering for Resilient Built and Natural Environments
The First Outstanding 50 Years of “Università Politecnica delle Marche”
Autore/i: Alici, Antonello; Bocci, Maurizio; Bonvini, Paolo; Brocchini, Maurizio; Calamai, Alessandro; Canestrari, Francesco; Capozucca, Roberto; Carbonari, Alessandro; Carbonari, Sandro; Cardone, Fabrizio; Clementi, Francesco; Clini, Paolo; Cocchi, Giammichele; Corvaro, Sara; Darvini, Giovanna; Davì, Fabrizio; Dezi, Luigino; Di Giuseppe, Elisa; D’Orazio, Marco; Ferretti, Maddalena; Ferrotti, Gilda; Gara, Fabrizio; Giretti, Alberto; Graziani, Andrea; Lancioni, Giovanni; Lemma, Massimo; Lenci, Stefano; Lorenzoni, Carlo; Malinverni, Eva Savina; Mancinelli, Alessandro; Mariano, Fabio; Mentrasti, Lando; Mondaini, Gianluigi; Montecchiari, Piero; Munafò, Placido; Naticchia, Berardo; Postacchini, Matteo; Quagliarini, Enrico; Quattrini, Ramona; Ragni, Laura; Serpilli, Michele; Soldini, Luciano; Virgili, Amedeo; Zampini, Giovanni
Editore: Springer
Classificazione: 2 Contributo in Volume
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/272866 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Dynamic Behavior of an Inclined Existing Masonry Tower in Italy
FRONTIERS IN BUILT ENVIRONMENT
Autore/i: Ferrante, Angela; Clementi, Francesco; Milani, Gabriele
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The renaissance bell tower of San Benedetto in Ferrara (Italy) has been investigated to understand its nonlinear dynamics correctly with the Non-Smooth Contact Dynamic (NSCD) method. The masonry structure has been modeled with the Discrete Element Methods (DEM), assuming rigid blocks and frictional joints, with the aim to recreate the tower in the actual configuration with the inclination and in a fictitious perfect vertical shape in order to assess the influence of the initial slope on its dynamics. The contacts between blocks are governed by the Signorini's impenetrability condition and by dry-friction Coulomb's law. Both configurations have been analyzed inducing real seismic excitations of various types and intensities, corresponding to the six main seismic events of the last few decades in Italy. Thus, the seismic vulnerability of the examined tower is clearly expressed in the numerical results, proving the effects due to the inclination on the amplification of the vulnerability and the several possible collapse mechanisms. Moreover, the NSCD has demonstrated to be a powerful numerical technique to obtain highly accurate results in the structural analyses of masonry structures in the nonlinear range.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/264471 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Damage assessment by the non-smooth contact dynamics method of the iconic crumbling of the clock tower in Amatrice after the 2016 Central Italy seismic sequence
Proceedings of the International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2018, ICNAAM 2018
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Gazzani, V.; Poiani, M.; Lenci, S.
Editore: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The dynamics of the medieval civic clock tower of Amatrice (Rieti-Italy) has been studied using the Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics (NSCD) method, implementing a discrete element numerical model in the LMGC90© code. Schematised as a system of rigid blocks, undergoing frictional sliding and plastic impacts, the tower has exhibited complex dynamics, because of the geometrical non-linearity and the non-smooth nature of the contact laws. Numerical simulations are performed with the aim of comparing the numerical result and the observed damages after the seismic sequence of the Central Italy earthquakes.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/269306 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Evaluation of different approaches for the seismic vulnerability assessment of RC structures
Proceedings of the International Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2019, ICCMSE 2019
Autore/i: Gazzani, Valentina; Poiani, Marina; Clementi, Francesco; Pace, Giuseppe; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The seismic vulnerability of school buildings located in the municipality of Trecastelli (Marche, Central Italy) is evaluated with three different numerical models: the lumped plasticity, the distributed plasticity (fibre) and the 3D Continuum FE approaches. Nonlinear static (pushover) analyses are performed to assess the global seismic behaviour of the structures, and the limitations in the representativeness respect to the reality of different approaches are analysed
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/272691 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
From TLS to FE analysis: points cloud exploitation for structural behaviour definition. The San Ciriaco's bell tower
INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF THE PHOTOGRAMMETRY, REMOTE SENSING AND SPATIAL INFORMATION SCIENCES
Autore/i: Quattrini, R.; Clementi, F.; Lucidi, A.; Giannetti, S.; Santoni, A.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/269915 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Comparative fragility methods for seismic assessment of masonry buildings located in Muccia (Italy)
JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Chieffo, N.; Clementi, F.; Formisano, A.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The current paper focuses on a sector of the historic centre of Muccia, in the district of Macerata (Italy), affected by the seismic sequence that involved Central Italy in 2016. The main goal is comparison, in terms of fragility curves, among two vulnerability assessment methodologies (empirical and mechanical). The study area has been structurally and typologically identified according to the Building Typology Matrix (BTM). Physical vulnerability analysis of the urban-sector was performed through application of an index-based method, specifically for masonry building aggregates. An isolated masonry building, damaged after the seismic sequences, has been selected as a case study. For the assessed building, empirical fragility curves are presented according to Guagenti & Petrini’s correlation law. Furthermore, a numerical model has been set up by using the macro-element approach, which has allowed to perform non-linear static analyses. Mechanical properties of masonry were defined according to the New Technical Codes for Constructions (NTC18), assuming a limited knowledge level (LC1). Refined mechanical fragility functions have been derived and compared to the empirical ones. Analysis results have shown that the empirical method tends to overestimate by 5% and 10% the expected damage for slight and moderate thresholds. For PGA values greater than 0,3 g the damage levels decreased by 30% and 20%, with reference to the near collapse and collapse conditions, respectively.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/267525 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Damage Assessment of San Francesco Church in Amandola Hit by Central Italy 2016-2017 Seismic Event
Mechanics of Masonry Structures Strengthened with Composite Materials III
Autore/i: Giordano, Ersilia; Ferrante, Angela; Ribilotta, Elisa; Clementi, Francesco; Lenci, Stefano
Editore: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: Italy is a high seismic risk country since 1900 more than 30 earthquakes with magnitude greater than Mw=5.8 have occurred, and the last one is the Central Italy seismic sequence. The first shock occurred in the 24 August (Mw=6.2) followed by another stronger quake in the 30th October (Mw=6.5). It hit the regions of Marche, Umbria, and Abruzzo heavily causing many deaths, injuries and extensive damages on the cultural heritage. This paper analyses the church of San Francesco in Amadola, located in the Marche region that has been considered condemned for the severe damages reported after these earthquakes. The church is globally analyzed by the application of nonlinear static analysis on a Finite Element Model where the nonlinearity of masonry is taking into account with a proper constitutive law. The study wants to prove how global analysis combined by the local analysis can reproduce the behavior of this structure during a quake, showing that it can repeat the real damages produced by earthquakes.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/269332 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Advanced Seismic Analyses of “Apennine Churches” Stroked by the Central Italy Earthquakes of 2016 by the Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics Method
Mechanics of Masonry Structures Strengthened with Composite Materials III
Autore/i: Ferrante, Angela; Ribilotta, Elisa; Giordano, Ersilia; Clementi, Francesco; Lenci, Stefano
Editore: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The dynamic behaviour and the seismic vulnerability of different masonry “Apennine Churches”, dramatically damaged by the last shocks sequence of 2016 that occurred in Central Italy, have been studied in this paper by means of advanced 3D numerical analyses with the Discrete Element Method (DEM). Thus, a discontinuous approach has been used to assess the dynamic properties and the vulnerability of the masonry structure, through large deformations regulated by the Signorini’s law, concerning the impenetrability between the rigid bodies, and by the Coulomb’s law, regarding the dry-friction model. The major purpose of this study is to highlight that relevant data on the real structural behaviour of historical masonry can be provided through advanced numerical analyses. The comparison between the results of the numerical simulation and the survey of the existing crack pattern of the churches permitted to validate the used approach. Finally, from the results and conclusions of these cases study, it is possible to affirm that the used methodology can be applied to a wide variety of historical masonry structure in Europe.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/269329 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Damage Assessment by Numerical Modeling of Sant'Agostino's Sanctuary in Offida During the Central Italy 2016–2017 Seismic Sequence
FRONTIERS IN BUILT ENVIRONMENT
Autore/i: Giordano, Ersilia; Clementi, Francesco; Nespeca, Andrea; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The subject of this work is the Sant'Agostino Sanctuary in Offida (Italy); we investigated both the dynamic behavior and the seismic vulnerability of the complex, used nowadays in its parts as school building, oratory, and church. Offida is in central Italy; the village has been severely damaged by the last seismic events of 2016. The sanctuary was heavily damaged by the earthquake of 24 August 2016. We recurred to finite elements to estimate the vulnerability of the sanctuary and its dynamic response, considering masonry's non-linear behavior by means of proper constitutive assumptions. To estimate how the monastery bears the lateral loads related to the expected demands resulting from seismic actions (N2 method) using non-linear static analysis (Pushover), we recurred to a homogenized material and smeared cracking and crushing constitutive law. As may be remarked by observing buildings that share the same features of the sanctuary and, moreover, by comparing seismic demand vs. capacity, the structure is prone to massive damage leading to collapse. The paper underlines how advanced numerical analysis grants fundamental data on how historical masonry buildings behave under seismic action, providing a method that may easily be implemented at historic monasteries in Europe.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/262744 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Mechanical characterization of unfired earth via numerical assessment of the experimental data
Proceedings of the International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2018, ICNAAM 2018
Autore/i: Clementi, Francesco; Cocchi, Giammichele; Lenci, Stefano
Editore: American Institute of Physics Inc
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The current work presents the first results on the determination of reliable numerical models of earthen blocks under different loading conditions. Uniaxial compression and 3-points bending tests were performed. Experimental behavior was modelled with a nonlinear model able to describe the cracking behavior. The simplified approach based on macro-modelling shows a satisfactory accuracy and low computational costs. The numerical results are in good agreement with the post-elastic behavior observed in the experimental campaign
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/269304 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Tracking Modal Parameter Evolution of Different Cultural Heritage Structure Damaged by Central Italy Earthquake of 2016
Mechanics of Masonry Structures Strengthened with Composite Materials III
Autore/i: Ribilotta, Elisa; Giordano, Ersilia; Ferrante, Angela; Clementi, Francesco; Lenci, Stefano
Editore: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The preliminary results of an ambient-vibration based investigation conducted on a large sample of historic masonry towers in the Marche region (Central Italy) are presented, with a focus on the belfry of Collegiata of Santa Maria in Visso (Italy). The assessment procedure includes full-scale ambient vibration testing, modal identification from ambient vibration responses, finite element modeling and dynamic-based identification of the uncertain structural parameters of the model. As the most doubtful parameters, the modulus of elasticity of the masonry is adjusted to achieve the experimental results with numerical model by simple operations.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/269330 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Open challenges towards a seismic protection of new and existing buildings
Proceedings of the International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2018, ICNAAM 2018
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Fabbrocino, F.; Formisano, A.
Editore: American Institute of Physics Inc
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/269305 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Tracking modal parameters evolution of a school building during retrofitting works
BULLETIN OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Pierdicca, Alessio; Clementi, Francesco; Fortunati, Andrea; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: During a seismic improvement intervention that lasted more than one year, a reinforced concrete (RC) school building had been surveyed through dynamic monitoring, granting continuous updates on its global response. Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) was carried out to have a proper understanding of the structure’s dynamic evolution, using a Finite Element Model (FEM) to perform a non-invasive and quantitative structural assessment taking into account the interactions with the surroundings. During the whole restoration works, the long-term (periodic) monitoring campaign showed the increment of the building performance remarked by the variation of natural frequencies. Also, the experimental assessment of the influence of infill masonry panels on the dynamics of RC frame is shown at each upgraded configuration. Additional restoration works, that may eventually occur, could benefit from the data collected during the present Ambient Vibration Survey (AVS), providing useful parameters to enhance the retrofitting and the dynamic behavior of the structure.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/260611 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
An Overview of the Structural Safety-Oriented Research in the Region Marche Seismic Area
The First Outstanding 50 Years of “Università Politecnica delle Marche”
Autore/i: Capozucca, R.; Carbonari, S.; Clementi, F.; Cocchi, G.; Davi, F.; Dezi, L.; Gara, F.; Lancioni, G.; Lenci, S.; Mentrasti, L.; Ragni, L.; Serpilli, M.
Editore: Springer, Cham
Classificazione: 2 Contributo in Volume
Abstract: In recent years, Italy has been hit by earthquakes, causing significant damage to masonry and reinforced concrete (RC) structures. Especially, common buildings and ordinary structures in many small historical towns of Italian central regions, such as Marche, have suffered dramatic consequences and destruction. Dynamic analysis and seismic structural safety are important topics in civil engineering, which have been studied and deepened for many years by the researchers of the Structural Division of the Department of Civil and Building Engineering, and Architecture of UnivPM. The researches have been oriented towards the investigation of structures under seismic loads in order to improve the knowledge of the structural response under high actions, due to the soil dynamic movements and, thus, define adequate techniques to strengthen the damaged structures. In this paper we present a wide spectrum of main results of our research group, comprising experimental studies, vulnerability analysis and assessment of existing structures, new methods of modelling and theoretical approaches to define the dynamic behavior of structures, also in presence of damage. Finally, we show and discuss new prospects of research for safety, employing advanced techniques and materials to prevent collapse and/or relevant damages in structures.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/281739 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Design, analysis and retrofitting of civil structures and infrastructures in Seismic Prone Areas
Proceedings International Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2019, ICCMSE 2019
Autore/i: Clementi, Francesco; Formisano, Antonio; Milani, Gabriele
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/272689 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
The non-smooth story of different masonry towers damaged by the central Italy seismic sequence of 2016
COMPDYN 2019 Proceedings
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Ferrante, A.; Giordano, E.; Lenci, S.
Editore: National Technical University of Athens
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics method (NSCD) has been applied to the study of the seismic response of different belfries inside the epicentral zone of the last Centre Italy earthquakes of August and October 2016. According to this model, the masonry towers have been modelled as a system of rigid blocks, and since the contacts between blocks are governed by the Signorini's impenetrability condition and by dry-friction Coulomb's law, the towers exhibit discontinuous dynamics. The NSCD method has proved to be a powerful tool for investigating the dynamics induced by ground seismic accelerations. Indeed, the numerical results have given a deep insight into the seismic vulnerability of these damaged towers, confirming several possible failure mechanisms.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/274951 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Influence of FE Modelling Approaches on Vulnerabilities of RC School Buildings and Proposal of a CFRP Retrofitting Intervention
THE OPEN CONSTRUCTION & BUILDING TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL
Autore/i: Gazzani, V.; Poiani, M.; Clementi, F.; Pace, G.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Background: The vulnerability assessment of existing school buildings against earthquakes represents a priority concern for society. In recent years, several countries promote seismic rehabilitation projects of school buildings, including the allocation of funds to regions with high seismic hazard. Objectives: This research aims to highlight some key role aspects related to difficulties encountered in the numerical modelling of RC structures hosting school activities. This work evaluates the seismic vulnerability of school buildings located in the municipality of Trecastelli (Marche, Central Italy) to quantify the effective influence of typical and specific seismic vulnerabilities detected on the global seismic behaviour of each building. The effectiveness of a possible Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) local strengthening intervention, for the case study, aimed to confine unconfined beam-column joints is also considered. Methods: Three different numerical models of a Reinforced Concrete (RC) school building are implemented with the lumped plasticity, the distributed plasticity (fibre) and the 3D Continuum Finite Element (FE) approaches. Nonlinear static (pushover) analyses are performed to assess the global seismic behaviour of the structure, and the limitations to represent the reality with different approaches. After the seismic vulnerability assessment of the case study, a CFRP retrofitting intervention is proposed to confine external beam-column joints. Results: The comparison of the numerical results of three models shows that the fibre model is the least suitable means to represent shear problems, while the lumped plasticity model is closer to reality than the previous one even if it does not take into account the concomitance of bending, shear and axial force and the interaction between them in the inelastic response. Of course, the 3D Continuum model is the most accurate representation to describe the complex and combined mechanisms developed in the joint panels. Nonlinear static (pushover) analyses carried out on unreinforced and reinforced structures of Continuum model demonstrate that the Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) strengthening improves the displacement capacity of the structure. Conclusion: This study has highlighted the strengths and weaknesses of different modelling types. The meaningful information about mechanisms developed in joints given by the 3D Continuum FE model is useful to identify shortcomings of the design project and to conceive a retrofitting strengthening intervention. CFRP sheets externally bonded on beam-column joints may improve the seismic frame performances without a significant change of the structural stiffness, promoting a ductile failure mode with a higher displacement capacity than the unreinforced case.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/272403 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
Flood impact on masonry buildings: The effect of flow characteristics and incidence angle
JOURNAL OF FLUIDS AND STRUCTURES
Autore/i: Postacchini, Matteo; Zitti, Gianluca; Giordano, Ersilia; Clementi, Francesco; Darvini, Giovanna; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Climate change and the raising number of extreme events, such as severe floods, has increased the attention on their effects on urban systems. Urban floods generate important hydrodynamic loads on building and this work proposes a first systematic study on the actions generated by floods with different characteristics (depth, velocity and incidence angle) on masonry buildings. The study is carried out with experimental tests reproducing a masonry bay with scale 1:10, while the effect of the flow hitting the building has been obtained by moving the building in the water at rest. The pressure generated by the fluid at the four walls of the building was recorded using pressure transducers. It has been found that the overpressure acting on the building depends on the flow characteristics in different manner for the frontal, lateral and rear walls. Further, the incidence angle plays a major role in the generation of a pressure gradient along the impacted wall, and significantly affects both peak frequency and spectral energy. Use of theoretical models suggests that (i) the drag coefficient of the building decreases with the Froude number, and only slightly depends on the incidence angle, and (ii) the blocking effect largely affects the hydrodynamics around the structure.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/266247 Collegamento a IRIS

2019
On the nonlinear behaviour of unfired dry earth
Proceedings of the International Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2019, ICCMSE 2019
Autore/i: Giordano, Ersilia; Clementi, Francesco; Cocchi, Giammichele; Marcheggiani, Laura
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The current work presents the first results on the determination of reliable numerical models of earthen blocks under different loading conditions. Uniaxial compression and 3-points bending tests were performed. Experimental behavior was modelled with a nonlinear model able to describe the cracking behavior. The simplified approach based on macro-modelling shows a satisfactory accuracy and low computational costs. The numerical results are in good agreement with the post-elastic behavior observed in the experimental campaign.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/272690 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
FLOOD IMPACTS ON BUILDINGS: FIRST EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL RESULTS
Proceedings del XXXVI Convegno Nazionale di Idraulica e Costruzioni Idrauliche
Autore/i: Brocchini, Maurizio; Capozucca, Roberto; Clementi, Francesco; Darvini, Giovanna; Giordano, Ersilia; Lenci, Stefano; Postacchini, Matteo; Zitti, Gianluca
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/263397 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
Numerical model upgrading of ancient bell towers monitored with a wired sensors network
Proceedings of the International Masonry Society Conferences
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Pierdicca, A.; Milani, G.; Gazzani, V.; Poiani, M.; Lenci, S.
Editore: International Masonry Society
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: In this work, the opportunities provided by dynamic identification techniques for non-destructive evaluation of heritage structures are discussed with a focus on different bell towers, located in the Ferrara Province (Italy). All of them were stricken by a long seismic sequence (Emilia Romagna, North-East of Italy, May-June 2012 seismic sequence) and they are investigated in detail to have an insight into their dynamic behaviour. Furthermore, the experimental investigations and the operational modal analysis results are presented and they are useful for defining the Finite Element (FE) models of the towers within a continuum approach. The monitoring system consists of several sensors properly connected. The positioning of the instrumentation has been conditioned by many operative problems due to the limited accessibility of the structures, both related to the main access and to reaching the top. However, it has been possible to identify with a certain confidence the first three frequencies of the towers and their corresponding mode shapes. The results carried out after the FE updating procedure may be considered very good. The material data values estimated in this way will constitute an important reference for the evaluation of the state of the building.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/264150 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
Monitoring cultural heritage buildings: The San Ciriaco bell-tower in Ancona
Proceedings of the International Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2018 (ICCMSE-2018)
Autore/i: Ribilotta, Elisa; Clementi, Francesco; Pellegrino, Marco; Poiani, Marina; Gazzani, Valentina; Santilli, Graziano; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The preliminary results of an ambient-vibration based investigation conducted on the San Ciriaco Belfry in Ancona (Italy) is presented. The assessment procedure includes full-scale ambient vibration testing, modal identification from ambient vibration responses, finite element modeling and dynamic-based identification of the uncertain structural parameters of the model. As the most doubtful parameters, the modulus of elasticity of the masonry is adjusted to achieve the experimental results with numerical model by simple operations
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/262450 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
Axial-transversal coupling in the nonlinear dynamics of a beam with an inclined roller
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCES
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The nonlinear oscillations of an Euler–Bernoulli beam hinged at one end and having a roller support sliding on a inclined line on the other end are investigated for the first time (to the best of the authors’ knowledge). Free and forced dynamics are studied, and the backbone curve and frequency response curve are obtained by the multiple time scale method. These results allow us to detect analytically the main features of the nonlinear dynamics, in particular the hardening/softening dichotomy, and how it is influenced by the various beam parameters. Furthermore, the analytical results are compared with finite element simulations to check their reliability. The main goal of the paper is that of investigating the coupling between axial and transversal displacements, which appears yet in the linear regime (first order solution) due to the slope of the constraint. An element of novelty consists of showing the qualitative and quantitative changes that the coupling undergoes passing from small (linear regime) to moderate and large (nonlinear regime) displacements.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/258881 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
Seismic Assessment of a Monumental Building through Nonlinear Analyses of a 3D Solid Model
JOURNAL OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Gazzani, V.; Poiani, M.; Mezzapelle, P. A.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The paper analyzes the static behavior and the seismic vulnerability of the “San Francesco ad Alto” building in Ancona (Italy), which is currently used as a Regional Headquarter of the Marche Region by the Italian Army and was formerly a monastery. The global static structural behavior and the dynamic properties have been evaluated using the Finite Element modeling technique, in which the nonlinear behavior of masonry has been taken into account by proper constitutive laws. The concepts of homogenized material and smeared cracking are used to evaluate the capacity of the monastery to withstand lateral loads together with the expected demands resulting from seismic actions (N2 method), using a nonlinear static analysis (pushover). The comparison of seismic demand and capacity confirms the susceptibility of these types of buildings to extensive damage and collapse, as frequently observed in similar buildings. This paper aims to point out that advanced numerical analyses can offer significant information on the understanding of the actual structural behavior of historical buildings. It is believed that the methodology and the overall conclusions of this case study are valid for many historical monasteries in Europe.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/247516 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
Modal parameters identification with environmental tests and advanced numerical analyses for masonry bell towers: a meaningful case study
Proceedings of XIV International Conference on Building Pathology and Constructions Repair – CINPAR 2018
Autore/i: Gazzani, V.; Poiani, M.; Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: In the first part, a dynamic monitoring for non-destructive evaluation of heritage structures is discussed with reference to a case study, namely the Pomposa Abbey belfry, located in the Ferrara Province (Italy). The main dynamic parameters constitute an important reference to define an advanced numerical model, discussed in the second part, based on Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics (NSCD) method. Schematised as a system of rigid blocks undergoing frictional sliding and plastic impacts, the tower has exhibited complex dynamics, because of both geometrical nonlinearity and the non-smooth nature of the contact laws. First, harmonic oscillations have been applied to the basement of the tower and a systematic parametric study has been conducted, aimed at correlating the system vulnerability to the values of amplitude and frequency of the assigned excitation corroborated by the dynamic identification results. In addition, numerical analyses have been done to highlight the effects of the friction coefficient and of the blocks geometries on the dynamics, in particular on the collapse modes. Finally, a study of the tower stability against seismic excitations has been addressed and 3D simulations have been performed with a real earthquake.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/262326 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
Iconic crumbling of the clock tower in Amatrice after 2016 central Italy seismic sequence: advanced numerical insight
Proceedings of XIV International Conference on Building Pathology and Constructions Repair – CINPAR 2018
Autore/i: Poiani, M.; Gazzani, V.; Clementi, F.; Milani, G.; Valente, M.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The present paper investigates from an advanced numerical point of view the progressive damage of the Amatrice (Rieti, Italy) civic clock tower, after a long sequence of strong earthquakes that struck central Italy in 2016. Two advanced numerical models are here utilised to have an insight into the modalities of progressive damage and the behaviour of the structure under strong non-linear dynamic excitations, namely a Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics (NSCD) and a FE Concrete Damage Plasticity (CDP) models. In both cases, a full 3D detailed discretization is adopted. From the numerical results, both the role played by the actual geometries and the insufficient resistance of the constituent materials are envisaged, showing a good match with actual crack patterns observed after the seismic sequence.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/262325 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
Existing and new structures in seismic prone areas: Advanced numerical modelling and experimentation
Proceedings of the INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING 2018 (ICCMSE 2018)
Autore/i: Milani, Gabriele; Formisano, Antonio; Clementi, Francesco
Editore: AIP Conference Proceedings
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/262424 Collegamento a IRIS

2018
The non-smooth contact dynamics method for the analysis of an ancient masonry tower
Proceedings of INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING 2018 (ICCMSE 2018)
Autore/i: Clementi, Francesco; Milani, Gabriele; Gazzani, Valentina; Poiani, Marina; Cocchi, Giammichele; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The dynamics of a medieval tower, inside the Basilica of San Benedetto in Ferrara (Italy), subjected to transversal dynamic loadings has been analyzed by using a distinct element code which implements the Non-Smooth Contact dynamics method. Since the contact between blocks is governed by the Signorini’s impenetrability condition and the dry-friction Coulomb’s law, the tower exhibits discontinuous dynamics. The sliding motions of blocks are non-smooth functions of time. Numerical simulations are performed with the aim of investigating the influence of the friction coefficient but also of the amplitude and frequency of the excitation at the base.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/262449 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
FREQUENZE PROPRIE E COMPORTAMENTO ACUSTICO DI VETRATE DI SICUREZZA IN APPLICAZIONI EDILI
STRUCTURAL
Autore/i: Consolini, L.; Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Con l’introduzione in campo nazionale della Norma UNI 7697:2015 – Criteri di sicurezza per le applicazioni vetrarie, si è data ancora più importanza alla scelta delle vetrate stratificate di sicurezza da utilizzarsi nelle diverse e più comuni applicazioni. Il vetro, ed in particolare il vetro stratificato di sicurezza, è infatti diventato sempre più utilizzato in edilizia e architettura. Quindi esso è stato sempre più oggetto di studio per comprenderne il comportamento meccanico. In questo lavoro, i moduli elastici sono determinati tramite identificazione dinamica “Modal Testing”, cioè l’acquisizione di dati sperimentali e il loro successivo post-processing per l’identificazione di un modello matematico che descriva il comportamento dinamico della struttura. Le frequenze e gli smorzamenti modali sono stati identificati mediante il metodo “Fitting Time History” (FTH), basato sull’acquisizione di accelerogrammi ed un’ottimizzazione ai minimi quadrati tra il segnale misurato ed un’approssimazione analiticamente determinata. Si affronta anche il tema dell’isolamento acustico dei medesimi componenti vetrati, essendo la risposta vibrazionale strettamente connessa al comportamento acustico del vetro.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/251137 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Riduzione del rischio sismico e retrofitting degli edifici scolastici: il caso della scuola “Puccini” di Senigallia (AN)
Colloqui.AT.e 2017. DEMOLITION OR RECONSTRUCTION?
Autore/i: Monni, F.; Quagliarini, E.; Lenci, S.; Clementi, Francesco
Editore: Edicom edizioni, Monfalcone (Gorizia)
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/255484 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Historic masonry buildings and global modelling through the EFM: comparison between numerical simulation and real behaviour through a case study
Colloqui.AT.e 2017 - DEMOLITION OR RECONSTRUCTION?
Autore/i: Maracchini, G; Quagliarini, E; Clementi, Francesco; Monni, F.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: In Europa, la valutazione sismica degli edifici storici in muratura costi-tuisce una problematica di primaria importanza, a causa dell’intrinseco valore cul-turale e delle funzioni che tali edifici mantengono ancora oggi. In questo campo vengono adoperate diverse strategie di modellazione, generalmente classificate sulla base del tipo di risposta sismica che tendono a rappresentare (locale o globale). Tra i metodi di analisi della risposta globale, la modellazione solida FEM costituisce attualmente il miglior compromesso tra accuratezza, generalità di applicazione e onere computazionale. Tuttavia, nella pratica professionale vengono generalmente preferiti metodi di modellazione semplificati, i quali richiedono un minore onere computazionale e un minor numero di parametri meccanici. Tra di essi, il modello a Telaio Equivalente (EFM) è attualmente il più diffuso. Al fine di offrire un con-tributo alla validazione di tale metodo, in questo lavoro vengono riportati i primi risultati di uno studio concernente la modellazione di un edificio storico in muratura parte di un aggregato edilizio di cui risulta disponibile lo stato di danneggiamento reale causato da un recente evento sismico. Tale edificio è caratterizzato da una disposizione delle aperture per la maggior parte regolare, fattore fondamentale nella modellazione a telaio. Le problematiche di modellazione tipiche dell’approccio a telaio vengono affrontate nello stesso modo in cui vengono affrontate nella pratica professionale. I risultati delle simulazioni numeriche vengono dunque confrontati con il danneggiamento reale riscontrato durante le fasi di rilievo post-sismico. Come atteso, le simulazioni numeriche riescono a cogliere lo stato di danneggiamento in termini di concentrazione del danno. Tuttavia, le modalità di danno riscontrate ri-sultano spesso differenti da quelle reali, specialmente nelle fasce di piano. Ciò evi-denzia la necessità di un aggiornamento del modello tramite l’aumento del livello di conoscenza della struttura.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/255514 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Edifici esistenti in muratura e terremoto: tecnologie innovative e conoscenza per aumentare la resilienza
Building Back Better: idee e percorsi per la costruzione di comunità resilienti
Autore/i: Lenci, Stefano; Mezzapelle, PARDO ANTONIO; Clementi, Francesco
Editore: Carocci editore pressonline
Luogo di pubblicazione: Roma
Classificazione: 2 Contributo in Volume
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/252044 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
The NSCD method for dynamic analyses of ancient masonry tower under transversal dynamic loadings
Proceedings of 9th European Nonlinear Dynamics Conference
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Ferrante, A.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/249549 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
The Use of the Fitting Time Histories Method to Detect the Nonlinear Behaviour of Laminated Glass
JOURNAL OF VIBRATION TESTING AND SYSTEM DYNAMICS
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Consolini, L.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/246854 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
TECNICHE DI IDENTIFICAZIONE MODALE PER L’ANALISI STRUTTURALE. L’evoluzione del comportamento dinamico di un edificio scolastico in cemento armato soggetto a miglioramento sismico
STRUCTURAL
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.; Monni, F.; Pierdicca, A.; Massaccesi, M.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: This work deals with the structural retrofitting of a Reinforced Concrete (RC) building school and illustrates the results of a structural monitoring campaign performed on this. The examined school building presents typical and specific vulnerabilities of Italian building stock - of which RC buildings currently represent the greatest portion - mostly built in 60’s and 70’s Because of its vulnerabilities, the structure was subjected to a deep structural retrofitting intervention based on increasing of original columns cross-sections with introduction of new longitudinal steel bars and stirrups, and application of shear reinforcement on beams using Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP). The building was monitored using Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) technique, that offers the possibility of describing structural dynamics at small vibration amplitudes in real operating conditions with unknown excitation inputs. The long-term Ambient Vibration Survey (AVS) - performed before, during and after the works, in a campaign lasted one year - highlighted the increasing of building performance in terms of natural frequencies following the retrofitting works. Moreover, the paper shows how infill panels influence the dynamic response of this typical RC structure. This relevant data collection, in addition to confirm the potentil of OMA technique in gathering the real structure behavoiur, could be very helpful in the calibration of other similar retrofitting interventions.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/248956 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Analisi delle vulnerabilità sismiche locali
San Francesco ad Alto di Ancona - Storia, analisi e ipotesi di valorizzazione architettonica
Autore/i: Lenci, Stefano; Clementi, Francesco; Mezzapelle, PARDO ANTONIO
Editore: Aracne editrice
Luogo di pubblicazione: Canterano (RM)
Classificazione: 2 Contributo in Volume
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/252045 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Cultural Heritage and Earthquake: The Case Study of “Santa Maria Della Carità” in Ascoli Piceno
THE OPEN CIVIL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Quagliarini, E.; Monni, F.; Giordano, E.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/252430 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Comparing Nonlinear Free Vibrations of Timoshenko Beams with Mechanical or Geometric Curvature Definition
Proceedings of the International Congresses on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ICTAM)
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Clementi, F.; Rega, G.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/246049 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Numerical model upgrading of a historical masonry building damaged during the 2016 Italian earthquakes: the case study of the Podestà palace in Montelupone (Italy)
JOURNAL OF CIVIL STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Pierdicca, A.; Formisano, A.; Catinari, F.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: In October 2016, two major earthquakes occurred in Marche region in the Centre of Italy, causing widespread damage. The epicentre of the second one struck Norcia, Visso and Accumoli and a lot of damages to cultural heritage were done in the cities of Tolentino, San Severino, Camerino, Matelica, Macerata and Montelupone, where are located the Podestà Palace and the Civic Tower investigated in this paper. The main aim of this research is the determination of modal properties of these historical masonry constructions using experimental and numerical studies. The experimental analysis was based on ambient vibration survey, while numerical analysis was based on finite element analysis with solid elements. The results of the experimental study were used to tune the numerical model of the structure. As the most doubtful parameters, the modulus of elasticity of the masonry and the interaction among structural parts were adjusted to achieve the experimental results with numerical model by simple operations. Obtaining good consistency between the experimental and numerical analyses, the study revealed the actual dynamic properties of the damaged palace.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/251396 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Seismic assessment of cultural heritage: Nonlinear 3D analyses of “Santa Maria della Carità” in Ascoli Piceno
Proceedings of the 6th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Autore/i: Monni, F.; Clementi, F.; Quagliarini, E.; Giordano, E.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: In this paper a masonry church is analysed in order to assess its seismic vulnerability with respect to the actual state of conservation, including past retrofitting. The case study is the “Santa Maria della Carità” church, located in Ascoli Piceno, a small town of Marche region, in the Centre of Italy, where two major earthquakes occurred in August and in October 2016, causing widespread damage. The church has a large historical, architectural value because is one of the most important example of the Barocco age in the region, and contains a lot of precious paintings of local artists. Moreover it has also a social value for the city of Ascoli Piceno, because it is the only one that is opened to the devotees for every moment of day and night. Stroked also by the L’Aquila earthquakes (2009) the church was subjected to a retrofit intervention (2010), in order to obtain a better “box-like behaviour”. Churches are usually characterised by a high seismic vulnerability due to their structural and geometric configurations, heterogeneous and deteriorated materials. These structures have very large and high external walls without internal orthogonal walls: the space thus created is often covered by some thin vaults or thrusting arches. In this work using an advanced FEM approach (a 3D nonlinear solid numerical model has been used to evaluate the seismic capacity) the structure has been studied to establish its significant deficiencies, in order to obtain a clear understanding of the structural behavior. The results should be useful to design a reliable strengthening intervention, but they could be also extrapolated to the wide variety of historical churches, and generalized for a wide masonry building category.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/251271 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Preliminary study of the influence of different modelling choices and materials properties uncertainties on the seismic assessment of an existing RC school building
Proceedings INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS (ICNAAM 2016)
Autore/i: Maracchini, G.; Clementi, F.; Quagliarini, E.; Lenci, S.; Monni, F.
Editore: AIP Conference Proceedings
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: This paper studies the influence of some aleatory and epistemic uncertainties on the seismic behaviour of an existing RC school building through a codified sensitivity analysis that uses pushover analyses and a logic tree approach. The considered epistemic uncertainties, i.e. diaphragm stiffness and modelling of stairs, seem not influencing the final assessment in term of index of seismic risk. Vice versa, aleatory ones, i.e. concrete and steel mechanical properties, strongly affect the Index. For this reason, investigations and tests should focus on the study of the mechanical properties, and, in particular, on the study of columns’ concrete mechanical properties, which have the largest impact on the building seismic response.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/250263 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Influence of the Shear-Bending Interaction on the Global Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Frames
Performance-Based Seismic Design of Concrete Structures and Infrastructures
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Di Sciascio, G.; Di Sciascio, S.; Lenci, S.
Editore: IGI - Global
Luogo di pubblicazione: Hershey, Pennsylvania (USA)
Classificazione: 2 Contributo in Volume
Abstract: In many seismic countries in the world (e.g. Europe, Northern USA, Japan, Turkey, etc.), the assessment of existing structures is a priority, since the majority of the building heritage was designed according to out-of-date or even non-seismic codes. The uncertainties about the nonlinear behaviour of the structures are, therefore, important and the nonlinear response should be treated directly, with a correspondingly strong increase in complexity of the assessment procedure. The assessment of regular reinforced concrete frame buildings has been performed, according to the Italian Seismic Code, Eurocode 8 and the CNR DT-212 guideline. A lumped plasticity model has been used with the aim of quantifying the differences between a fixed and a continuously updated shear span and between the use of inelastic springs located at the member ends or continuously along the beam elements, and with the purpose of considering the influence of axial-bending-shear interaction on the global capacity of the buildings.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/249023 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Numerical modeling, experimentation and design practice for masonry structures in seismic prone areas
PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING 2017 (ICCMSE-2017)
Autore/i: Milani, Gabriele; Formisano, Antonio; Clementi, Francesco
Editore: AIP Conference Proceedings
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/252037 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
One-year monitoring of a reinforced concrete school building: Evolution of dynamic behavior during retrofitting works
Proceedings of X International Conference on Structural Dynamics - EURODYN 2017
Autore/i: Pierdicca, A.; Clementi, F.; Mezzapelle, P.; Fortunati, A.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: This work illustrates the results of a one-year structural monitoring campaign of a Reinforced Concrete (RC) school building subjected to a substantial retrofitting works. Through Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) techniques, it has been possible to follow the dynamic evolution of the structure, using Finite Element Method (FEM) model refinement as a valuable tool for non-invasive structural assessment. The long-term Ambient Vibration Survey (AVS) highlighted the increasing of building performance in terms of natural frequencies following the retrofitting works. This relevant data collection can be extremely helpful in calibrating of other similar retrofitting interventions and provides useful guidelines that can assist in the planning of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) applications.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/250776 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Cross-checking asymptotics and numerics in the hardening/softening behaviour of Timoshenko beams with axial end spring and variable slenderness
ARCHIVE OF APPLIED MECHANICS
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.; Rega, G.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Two approximate solutions for the nonlinear free oscillations of a planar Timoshenko beam are compared to each other. The beam has an axial spring that permits to consider different boundary conditions, from axially free (which has a softening nonlinear behaviour) to perfectly axially restrained (which has a hardening nonlinear behaviour). The first approximation is analytical and is obtained by the asymptotic development method, while the second is numerical and is obtained by the finite element method. The comparison is made in terms of backbone curves describing the dependence of the (nonlinear) frequency on the oscillation amplitude. Very good agreement is found, for both slender and thick beams, and for varying stiffness of the end spring. This is a cross-check verification of the reliability of both approximate solutions.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/235994 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Seismic assessment of existing precast concrete buildings: Influence of deformable connections
Proceedings INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS (ICNAAM 2016)
Autore/i: Scalbi, A.; Clementi, F.; Cocchi, G.; Lenci, S.
Editore: American Institute of Physics
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The paper is focused on the key role of the connections between precast elements in determining the seismic performance of industrial Precast Structures (PS). The work critically investigates the influence of different variables on the connection behaviour, as well as the results of the different safety assessment approaches. Referring to a case study based on an industrial PS located in Italy, one highlights the importance of the connection in the seismic upgrade of existing PS, and the minor role of the mechanical slenderness of the column when considering weak connections.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/250261 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Uses and limits of the Equivalent Frame Model on existing unreinforced masonry buildings for assessing their seismic risk: a review
JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Quagliarini, E.; Maracchini, G.; Clementi, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Since the late 1970s, nonlinear static analysis have had an increasing use in the seismic assessment of existing unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings. Different modeling strategies can be used to evaluate the global seismic response of these buildings, such as the Continuous Constitutive Laws Model (CCLM) and the Equivalent Frame Model (EFM). Despite the CCLM modelling approach seems to be the most suitable at this aim, it needs many input data, that are often quite difficult to be known, and requires a high computational effort. For this reason, the EFM, which is based on strongly simplified hypotheses, is preferred in professional practice, where a small computational burden and a time- and cost-saving structural analysis by using few mechanical parameters is needed. In this paper, a review of its uses and limits is proposed, in order to identify the most critical issues and define its proper use in professional practice when applied to existing URM buildings. As a result, it is highlighted that the EFM can be reasonably used as a first conservative approach for the seismic assessment of existing URM buildings with box behaviour and quite regular opening patterns. Thus, up to now, from this review its use is encouraged in seismic analysis of existing URM buildings after providing them a reduction of their floors and roofs deformability, an adequate wall-to-floor and wall-to-roof connections and a regularization of the opening patterns.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/246021 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Nonlinear analyses and failure patterns of typical masonry school buildings in the epicentral zone of the 2016 Italian earthquakes
PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING 2017 (ICCMSE-2017)
Autore/i: Clementi, C.; Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.
Editore: American Institute of Physics
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The paper discusses the behavior of typical masonry school buildings in the center of Italy built at the end of 1950s without any seismic guidelines. These structures have faced the recent Italian earthquakes in 2016 without diffuse damages. Global numerical models of the building have been built and masonry material has been simulated as nonlinear. Sensitivity analyses are done to evaluate the reliability of the structural models.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/252040 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Global analyses of historical masonry buildings: Equivalent frame vs. 3D solid models
Proceedings INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS (ICNAAM 2016)
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Mezzapelle, P. A.; Cocchi, G.; Lenci, S.
Editore: AIP Conference Proceedings
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The paper analyses the seismic vulnerability of two different masonry buildings. It provides both an advanced 3D modelling with solid elements and an equivalent frame modelling. The global structural behaviour and the dynamic properties of the compound have been evaluated using the Finite Element Modelling (FEM) technique, where the nonlinear behaviour of masonry has been taken into account by proper constitutive assumptions. A sensitivity analysis is done to evaluate the effect of the choice of the structural models.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/250260 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
The Influence of Dowel-Pin Connections on the Seismic Fragility Assessment of RC Precast Industrial Buildings
THE OPEN CIVIL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
Autore/i: Mezzapelle, Pardo Antonio; Scalbi, Agnese; Clementi, Francesco; Lenci, Stefano
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/252431 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Vulnerability reduction of existing buildings and design of new structures in seismic area
Proceedings INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS (ICNAAM 2016)
Autore/i: Milani, G.; Formisano, A.; Clementi, F.
Editore: American Institute of Physics
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/250262 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Identification and calibration of the structural model of historical masonry building damaged during the 2016 Italian earthquakes: The case study of Palazzo del Podestà in Montelupone
PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING 2017 (ICCMSE-2017)
Autore/i: Catinari, F.; Pierdicca, A.; Clementi, F.; Lenci, S.
Editore: AIP Publishing
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The results of an ambient-vibration based investigation conducted on the “Palazzo del Podestà” in Montelupone (Italy) is presented. The case study was damaged during the 2016 Italian earthquakes that stroke the central part of the Italy. The assessment procedure includes full-scale ambient vibration testing, modal identification from ambient vibration responses, finite element modeling and dynamic-based identification of the uncertain structural parameters of the model. A very good match between theoretical and experimental modal parameters was reached and the model updating has been performed identifying some structural parameters.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/252041 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Reply to the Discussion on ‘A comprehensive analysis of hardening/softening behavior of shearable planar beams with whatever axial boundary constraint’, by D. Genovese
MECCANICA
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Clementi, F.; Rega, G.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/246022 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Open Challenges in Seismic Design of New Structures and Vulnerability Reduction of Existing Buildings
THE OPEN CIVIL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
Autore/i: Milani, Gabriele; Formisano, Antonio; Clementi, Francesco
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/252434 Collegamento a IRIS

2017
Revealing nonlinear dynamical behaviour of laminated glass
Proceedings of X International Conference on Structural Dynamics - EURODYN 2017
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Consolini, L.; Clementi, F.; Cocchi, G.
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The dynamical properties of a laminated glass are investigated by applying the Fitting Time History (FTH) method to experimental free vibration response. Both linear and the nonlinear parameters are detected, and attention is focused on these latters since they are the most important element of novelty of this work. Some one-mode identifications are considered first, and then the approximation is improved by considering multi-mode identifications, that allow us to detect simultaneously the linear and nonlinear properties of various vibration modes, a fact that is an appealing feature of the FTH method.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/250775 Collegamento a IRIS

2016
Numerical model upgrading of a historical masonry palace monitored with a wireless sensor network
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASONRY RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
Autore/i: Pierdicca, A.; Clementi, F.; Isidori, D.; Concettoni, E.; Cristalli, C.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Seismic protection and vulnerability reduction are very relevant issues in European regions, such as Italy, characterised by the presence of a large stock of heritage structures. This increased the interest in structural health monitoring as a powerful tool to quantify and reduce uncertainties regarding the structural performance of buildings. Monitoring can be successfully implemented in some cases as an alternative to interventions or to control the medium- and long-term effectiveness of already applied strengthening solutions. Recently, the use of wireless sensor networks (WSN) as a new kind of architecture for structural monitoring systems has been explored. A WSN is usually a flexible solution with minor costs associated, especially if the network is composed by cheap devices. In this framework, this work details the main results obtained in the context of the 'Palazzo Comunale di Castelfidardo' monitoring project with WSN, with the aim to get an accurate numerical model (NM) that simulates the dynamic behaviour of the whole structure. An iterative approach to perform the manual tuning of the NM is proposed, using as calibration parameters not only mechanical entities, but also boundary conditions. Finally, a comparison between the structural responses, obtained with experimental analysis, and the updated NM is provided.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/233364 Collegamento a IRIS

2016
Seismic performance of precast reinforced concrete buildings with dowel pin connections
JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Scalbi, A.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: A key aspect in determining the seismic performance of industrial Precast Structures (PS) are the connections between precast elements. The main issue is the capacity of beam-column connections to allow relative displacements without losing beam seating, and to transfer lateral horizontal forces from the beam to the column, without losing load carrying capacity. Referring to a case study based on an industrial PS located in Italy, this work critically investigates the influence of different variables on the connection behaviour, as well as the results of the different safety assessment approaches. Attention has been paid to provide a comparison between different (linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic) analyses with both lumped and diffused nonlinear models. The analyses highlight the importance of the connection between members in the seismic upgrade of existing PS, and the minor role of the mechanical slenderness of the column when considering weak connections.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/236346 Collegamento a IRIS

2016
Seismic behavior of an Italian Renaissance Sanctuary: Damage assessment by numerical modelling
Proceedings INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING 2016 (ICCMSE 2016)
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Nespeca, A.; Lenci, S.
Editore: AIP Publishing
Classificazione: 4 Contributo in Atti di Convegno (Proceeding)
Abstract: The paper deals with modelling and analysis of architectural heritage through the discussion of an illustrative case study: the Medieval Sanctuary of Sant'Agostino (Offida, Italy). Using the finite element technique, a 3D numerical model of the sanctuary is built, and then used to identify the main sources of the damages. The work shows that advanced numerical analyses could offer significant information for the understanding of the causes of existing damage and, more generally, on the seismic vulnerability.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/241773 Collegamento a IRIS

2016
Assessment of seismic behaviour of heritage masonry buildings using numerical modelling
JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Clementi, F.; Gazzani, V.; Poiani, M.; Lenci, S.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: The paper analyzes the seismic vulnerability of the historical complex of “San Francesco” located in Cagli, Marche Region, Italy. It provides both advanced 3D modelling with solid elements and equivalent frame modelling. The building is composed of a church and a monastery used as a lower secondary school, and preservation and maintenance of its structural efficiency are of primary importance. The global structural behaviour and dynamic properties of the compound have been evaluated using the Finite Element Modelling (FEM) technique, where the nonlinear behaviour of masonry has been taken into account by proper constitutive assumptions. A sensitivity analysis is done to evaluate the effect of the choice of the control point on the value of seismic risk index, by varying the stiffness of the floors and the effects of different knowledge levels. The aim of the paper is to emphasize the importance of thorough knowledge of historic buildings in order to understand the real seismic behaviour of a structure, to detect common vulnerability of this type of building, the knowledge of which is necessary to design restorations aimed at improving the seismic behaviour of masonry buildings. Some comparisons with the Equivalent Frame Method (EFM) are also presented.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/238685 Collegamento a IRIS

2016
A comprehensive analysis of hardening/softening behaviour of shearable planar beams with whatever axial boundary constraint
MECCANICA
Autore/i: Lenci, S.; Clementi, F.; Rega, G.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/236477 Collegamento a IRIS

2016
Experimental assessment of concrete compressive strength in old existing RC buildings: a possible way to reduce the dispersion of DT results
JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING
Autore/i: Quagliarini, E.; Clementi, F.; Maracchini, G.; Monni, F.
Classificazione: 1 Contributo su Rivista
Abstract: Reliable appraisal of the in situ compressive strength is a key challenge in the seismic assessment of existing RC structures, due to its high variability throughout them and because it often represents the most important strength parameter adopted in the structural analyses. For this reason, in this paper a procedure to obtain a more accurate concrete strength characterization is proposed and applied to several case studies. The method provides a reduction of test results’ variability by taking into account the influence of casting operations on it and may support existing codes for a correct in-place concrete strength evaluation.
Scheda della pubblicazione: https://iris.univpm.it/handle/11566/241351 Collegamento a IRIS




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